The days of the classic plastic SIM card are numbered, as more and more providers and hardware manufacturers are delivering their services via the eSIM. But what is this “embedded Subscriber Identity Module,” or eSIM for short? NextPit explains how it works and what are its advantages. Read everything you need to know about the type of smartphones, tablets, and wearables that are eSIM-enabled and how to order and activate an eSIM as well as manage the eSIM profiles that accompany it.
The “embedded” SIM a.k.a. eSIM is smaller than a nano-SIM and is permanently installed in the device. Unlike a conventional SIM card, it cannot be removed, but can be overwritten via software. The eSIM is therefore excellent for devices that are particularly small, such as smartwatches.
You can also be more flexible and independent with an eSIM. No longer do you need to waste any more time by waiting for your new SIM card to arrive in the mail. You can switch between different plans in an instant: the moment you have the new activation code, you can activate it and take advantage of the new rate. This can sometimes be done within minutes.
Roaming charges are also no longer a nuisance, since you can easily switch to another provider when you are abroad. Of course, the eSIM is also more sustainable: nothing has to be made for you out of plastic and sent by mail. This also goes for the SIM card tool that always miraculously disappear into thin air, at least in the author’s household, as it is now obsolete with the eSIM.
Even three years after the eSIM specification was launched to great success, we still encounter only a handful of eSIM-enabled smartphones. That is hardly surprising, though. The eSIM tends to showcase its advantages each time small form factors are in demand. Therefore, it is unsurprising that wearables like smartwatches were some of the first few devices in the consumer electronics market to use the eSIM.
SIM-enabled smartphones offer an eSIM in addition to the slot for the plastic SIM card. With some devices, you can use the smartphone as a de facto dual-SIM device, where both SIM “cards” remain active while running in parallel. This hybrid solution is considered a good compromise that will help customers make the transition gentle to the new SIM system.
Normally, only one active eSIM is possible on the smartphone. Apple has already made headway here and allows you to activate two eSIMs simultaneously with the iPhone 13 Pro.
Samsung has so far resisted from making budget-friendly models that are eSIM-capable. So far, this feature has only appeared in its flagship series.
Apple has also decided to introduce the eSIM into its tablet family. The manufacturer once used the “Apple SIM” once; a proprietary variant that did not conform to the eSIM specification.
One of the forerunners in the mobile device market that featured an eSIM was the Samsung Gear S2 Classic 3G that plays nice with the GSMA standard. Since 2016, things have changed and the selection has grown rather impressively. Quite a few other wearables have an eSIM today. However, this is often sold as a fixed connection to a provider and thus does not comply with the eSIM standard. There does not seem to be any aggressive marketing done by carriers in the US to promote the use of eSIM despite supporting it.
- Huawei Watch 2 Pro
- Huawei Watch 3
- Huawei Watch 3 Pro
- OPPO Watch
- Nokia Smartwatch
- TicWatch Pro
In the meantime, there does seem indicators that eSIM will become more and more popular in the years to come, mainly thanks to the proliferation of IoT devices in the home in which eSIM makes a whole lot of sense. There aren’t too many players in the US that offer eSIM, where they are mainly confined to the following:
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You were privy to the different eSIM providers above with hyperlinks to their respective sites, offering updated information on what you will be getting with the service. Normally, you can simply sign up for a plan via an app or by scanning a QR code and your number will then be activated after a few minutes. Alternatively, you can also call the telephone hotline of virtually all service providers.
Finally, there are differences in the costs of the eSIM: Certain customers might not be required to pay any more additional costs for the eSIM, while other service providers do hit you with a monthly charge. As for the minimum contract period, that also depends on the individual plan that you have selected, while one-time fees are not unheard of, either.
In order to activate an eSIM, please also check the pages of your provider, since the procedure differs depending on the provider. Some might require you to do something as simple as scanning a QR code, picking a profile, and keying in the security PIN and you are good to go!
Sometimes you will also be asked for the eID of your device. You can find the eID under Settings in the device information of the eSIM device or directly on the packaging.
Once it has been set up, an eSIM profile is permanently stored in your device. If you want to use a different one when traveling, you can simply deactivate your home profile temporarily. Currently, manufacturers and mobile operators have not yet exploited all possibilities of the eSIM. In theory, you could download profiles, which are similar to apps from the Play Store, and change these profiles as and when required.
Unfortunately, you cannot transfer eSIM profiles to another device once they have been activated. If you change the smartwatch or smartphone, you have to order a new profile from the provider. This is usually performed free of charge. However, some providers do charge subscribers with a fee for this process.
The eSIM also cannot be physically removed from the device without destroying it. This carries both advantages and disadvantages. One advantage is that stolen smartphones can be tracked longer by you and the police using the eSIM. The disadvantage is that you have to delete the eSIM profile before selling your smartphone, and of course, you will need a new profile or a classic SIM card for the new smartphone.